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Homeschooling Philosophies

Homeschooling offers parents the unique opportunity to tailor their child's education to best suit their individual needs, interests, and learning styles. An essential aspect of this customization is choosing a homeschooling philosophy that aligns with the family's values and educational goals. This essay will explore popular homeschooling philosophies, including classical education, Charlotte Mason, Montessori, unschooling, project-based learning, and eclectic homeschooling, to help parents make informed decisions about their child's educational journey. We will be updating this essay periodically as we learn more about successful homeschooling strategies and schools of thought!

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1. Classical Education

The classical education philosophy is rooted in the belief that learning should follow the three stages of the trivium: grammar, logic, and rhetoric. This approach emphasizes mastery of language, critical thinking, and persuasive communication. Classical education often incorporates the study of classical languages, such as Latin or Greek, and focuses on the literature, history, and ideas of Western civilization. This rigorous, well-rounded approach seeks to develop a strong foundation in the liberal arts and cultivate a love for learning and intellectual growth.

2. Charlotte Mason

The Charlotte Mason philosophy emphasizes a gentle, literature-based approach to learning that focuses on the whole child. It encourages the use of "living books" or high-quality literature, rather than dry textbooks, to teach various subjects. This method also values nature study, art and music appreciation, and hands-on experiences. Children are encouraged to develop good habits, strong character, and a lifelong love for learning. Narration, notebooking, and short, focused lessons are some of the key features of this approach.

3. Montessori

The Montessori philosophy, developed by Dr. Maria Montessori, is centered around the belief that children learn best when they are free to explore and discover at their own pace within a carefully prepared environment. Montessori education emphasizes hands-on, experiential learning using specialized materials and focuses on nurturing a child's natural curiosity, independence, and love for learning. This child-led approach respects individual differences and aims to develop the whole child academically, socially, emotionally, and physically.

4. Unschooling

Unschooling is a radical departure from traditional schooling methods and is characterized by its child-led, interest-driven approach to learning. Unschooling families believe that children learn best when they are free to follow their own interests and explore the world around them without the constraints of a predetermined curriculum or rigid schedule. Parents act as facilitators rather than teachers, providing resources, guidance, and support as needed. Unschooling encourages natural learning through play, exploration, and real-life experiences.

5. Project-Based Learning

Project-based learning (PBL) is an educational approach that focuses on engaging students in real-world, hands-on projects that are driven by their interests and curiosity. Rather than following a predetermined curriculum, PBL encourages students to explore topics in depth and develop essential skills, such as critical thinking, problem-solving, creativity, and collaboration, through meaningful projects. This approach can be adapted to various homeschooling philosophies and can be used alongside other methods to enrich the learning experience.

6. Eclectic Homeschooling

Eclectic homeschooling is a flexible, individualized approach that combines elements from various homeschooling philosophies and teaching methods. Eclectic homeschoolers draw on multiple resources, curricula, and learning experiences to create a customized education that best meets the needs and interests of their children. This adaptable approach allows parents to make adjustments and change strategies as their children grow and evolve, ensuring a well-rounded and dynamic educational experience.


Choosing a homeschooling philosophy is an important step in shaping your child's educational journey. Whether you gravitate towards the structure of classical education, the gentle approach of Charlotte Mason, the hands-on learning of Montessori, the freedom of unschooling, learning by doing with projects, and more! -- We will be updating this essay periodically as we learn more about successful homeschooling strategies and schools of thought!

Please share comments and suggestions for improvement! Sincerely, WEquil Family



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