Updated: Jan 5, 2021
By: Seth Peleg
Hello! Today I will be teaching about the United States government. The government consists of three branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. Each branch has its own role to play in running our country and enforcing the law. Sometimes separate, and sometimes together, they make many dissections to help our country.
The first branch I will be teaching about is the executive branch. This branch is made up of the president, vice president, and cabinet, their job is to execute the law. The cabinet advises and helps the president with their day to day work, they also help him with the more important decisions such as vetoing/signing bills or making suggestions of what new ideas could become laws. The vice president's job works in a similar way, they advise the president, manage important jobs, show leadership, and help the president in many other ways. There is also one very important role of the vice president, if something would happen to the president then they would step into office and take charge.
The second branch of the government is the legislative branch. The branch is made up of the senate and the house of representatives. Their job is to primarily make new laws. There are 535 representatives in total, 100 are in the senate where each state gets 2 representatives, and 435 in the house of representatives where each state gets a different amount based on population. In order for a bill to become a law, it has to be approved by both the senate, house of representatives, and the president. Depending on the subject the bill will be created in the senate or the house. After it is made, it has to have a majority vote from each side, for instance, if a bill was made in the senate it would need 51 out of 100 people to vote on it then it would go to the house and they would need 218 out of 435 to vote on it. If the house made the bill then the same thing would happen but they would vote first. When the bill is passed by both the senate and the house it will go to the president, if the president signs the bill it will become a law but if the president vetoes the bill then it will go to where it was made and there will be a revote. For the bill to become a law it will now need a ⅔ majority, only from where it was originated.
The final branch of the government is the judicial branch. It is made up of the supreme court, court of appeals, and federal and state courts. Their job is to interpret the law. If a person committed a crime or was thought to have, they will go to court. Depending on what the charge is they will go to a federal court or a state court. In court, after all evidence is presented and then broken laws are stated, the jury will decide if the defendant is innocent or guilty (if there is no jury the judge will decide.) If guilty, the defendant is allowed to go to the court of appeals. The court of appeals works the same way as the federal and state courts, the only difference is that new evidence might be found in the time between court. If found guilty again they can petition the supreme court, the highest court, to let their case be heard. The major difference here is that the case does not have to be accepted and if it's not, whatever judgment the court of appeals made will be final. In fact only 100-150 cases will be heard to the more than 7000 cases petitioned.
Together these three branches make up the United states government. Each has their own unique role to play. Whether they work together or separately the branches make America the amazing county that it is. I hope my article was helpful, thank you for reading.